Endogenous oscillatory rhythms and interactive contingencies jointly influence infant attention during early infant-caregiver interaction - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles eLife Year : 2023

Endogenous oscillatory rhythms and interactive contingencies jointly influence infant attention during early infant-caregiver interaction

Megan Whitehorn
  • Function : Author
Emma Bruce-Gardyne
  • Function : Author
Florian A Csolsim
  • Function : Author
Navsheen Kaur
  • Function : Author
Emily Greenwood
  • Function : Author
Ira Marriott-Haresign
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Almost all early cognitive development takes place in social contexts. At the moment, however, we know little about the neural and cognitive mechanisms that drive infant attention during social interactions. Recording EEG during naturalistic caregiver-infant interactions (N=66), we compare two different accounts. Attentional scaffolding perspectives emphasise the role of the caregiver in structuring the child's behaviour, whilst active learning models focus on motivational factors, endogenous to the infant, that guide their attention. Our results show that, already by 12-months, intrinsic cognitive processes control infants' attention: fluctuations in endogenous oscillatory neural activity associated with changes in infant attentiveness, and predicted the length of infant attention episodes towards objects. In comparison, infant attention was not forwards-predicted by caregiver gaze, or modulations in the spectral and temporal properties of their caregiver's speech. Instead, caregivers rapidly modulated their behaviours in response to changes in infant attention and cognitive engagement, and greater reactive changes associated with longer infant attention. Our findings suggest that shared attention develops through interactive but asymmetric, infantled processes that operate across the caregiver-child dyad. eLife assessment This study reports important evidence that infants' internal factors guide children's attention and that caregivers respond to infants' attentional shifts during caregiverinfant interactions. The authors analyzed EEG data and multiple types of behaviors using solid methodologies that can guide future studies of neural responses during social interaction in infants. However, the analysis is incomplete, as several methodological choices need more adequate justification.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
88775-v1.pdf (1.98 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-04289573 , version 1 (16-11-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Emily a M Phillips, Louise Goupil, Megan Whitehorn, Emma Bruce-Gardyne, Florian A Csolsim, et al.. Endogenous oscillatory rhythms and interactive contingencies jointly influence infant attention during early infant-caregiver interaction. eLife, 2023, ⟨10.7554/elife.88775.1⟩. ⟨hal-04289573⟩

Collections

UGA CNRS
57 View
61 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More