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Journal Articles Wind Energy Science Year : 2023

Realistic turbulent inflow conditions for estimating the performance of a floating wind turbine

Abstract

A novel method for generating turbulent inflow boundary conditions for aeroelastic computations is proposed, based on interfacing hybrid hot-wire and particle image velocimetry measurements performed in a wind tunnel to a full-scale load simulation conducted with FAST. This approach is based on the use of proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) to interpolate and extrapolate the experimental data onto the numerical grid. The temporal dynamics of the temporal POD coefficients is driven by the high-frequency hot-wire measurements used as input for a lower-order model built using a multi-time-delay linear stochastic estimation (LSE) approach. Being directly extracted from the data, the generated three-component velocity fields later used as inlet conditions present correct one- and two-point spatial statistics and realistic temporal dynamics. Wind tunnel measurements are performed at a scale of 1:750, using a properly scaled porous disk as a floating wind turbine model. The motions of the platform are imposed by a linear actuator. Between all 6 degrees of freedom (DOFs) possible, the present study focus on the streamwise direction motion of the model (surge motion). The POD analysis of the flow, with or without considering the presence of the surge motion of the model, shows that a few modes are able to capture the characteristics of the most energetic flow structures and the main features of the wind turbine wake, such as its meandering and the influence of the surge motion. The interfacing method is first tested to estimate the performance of a wind turbine in an offshore boundary layer and then those of a wind turbine immersed in the wake of an upstream wind turbine subjected to a sinusoidal surge motion. Results are also compared to those obtained using the standard inflow generation method provided by TurbSim available in FAST.
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Dates and versions

hal-04289518 , version 1 (16-11-2023)

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Cédric Raibaudo, Jean-Christophe Gilloteaux, Laurent Perret. Realistic turbulent inflow conditions for estimating the performance of a floating wind turbine. Wind Energy Science, 2023, 8 (11), pp.1711-1725. ⟨10.5194/wes-8-1711-2023⟩. ⟨hal-04289518⟩
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