Evaluation of a New Bone Conduction Device for the Rehabilitation of Single-Sided Deafness: Effects on Speech Understanding in Noise - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Otology and Neurotology Year : 2022

Evaluation of a New Bone Conduction Device for the Rehabilitation of Single-Sided Deafness: Effects on Speech Understanding in Noise

Morgan Potier
  • Function : Author
Fabien Seldran
  • Function : Author
Mélanie Sonthonnax
  • Function : Author
Vincent Péan
  • Function : Author
Paul Berger
  • Function : Author
Stéphane Gallégo
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Introduction: A new external, adhesive, no-pressure bone-conduction device provides rehabilitation for conductive hearing loss and single-sided deafness (SSD). The purpose of the study is to evaluate speech recognition performance with the bone-conduction contralateral routing of signal (aBC-CROS) and compare it to an air-conduction CROS (AC-CROS) used by subjects for at least 1 year. Methods: Ten SSD patients underwent speech understanding in noise tests with their AC-CROS, the aBC-CROS, and unaided. The 1st test session took place the day the aBC-CROS was fitted, with the second session after 2 weeks of aBC-CROS use. Two configurations were used: speech presented on the deaf side and noise on the normal side and the reverse. Results: The speech recognition threshold (SRT) improved with both devices when speech was presented to the deaf side. Nine patients showed significant improvement ( p < 0.016) with the AC-CROS (mean: 2.8 dB) and the aBC-CROS (mean: 3.0 dB). Mean difference of improvement was significant between unaided and aBC-CROS ( p = 0.001) or AC-CROS ( p = 0.006). The SRT deteriorated by an average of 2.3 dB with the AC-CROS with noise presented on the deaf side, with significance found for six patients ( p < 0.016). The aBC-CROS did not affect performance in this configuration (mean improvement: 0.3 dB) and only one patient had a significant SRT degradation ( p < 0.016). Mean difference of improvement was significant between the AC-CROS and aBC-CROS ( p = 0.021) or unaided ( p = 0.05). Discussion: The aBC-CROS is a good alternative to the existing CROS devices for SSD rehabilitation, as it offers the same benefit with none of the drawbacks when noise is on the patient's deaf side.

Domains

Psychology
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Dates and versions

hal-04286392 , version 1 (15-11-2023)

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Morgan Potier, Fabien Seldran, Mélanie Sonthonnax, Vincent Péan, Paul Berger, et al.. Evaluation of a New Bone Conduction Device for the Rehabilitation of Single-Sided Deafness: Effects on Speech Understanding in Noise. Otology and Neurotology, 2022, 43 (1), pp.105-112. ⟨10.1097/MAO.0000000000003364⟩. ⟨hal-04286392⟩
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