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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

The interplay between lumen pressure and cell proliferation determines organoid morphology in a multicellular phase field model

Sakurako Tanida
Kana Fuji
  • Function : Author
Linjie Lu
  • Function : Author
Tristan Guyomar
  • Function : Author
Byung Ho Lee
  • Function : Author
Alf Honigmann
  • Function : Author
Anne Grapin-Botton
Tetsuya Hiraiwa
Makiko Nonomura
  • Function : Author
Masaki Sano
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Abstract Organoids are ideal systems to predict the phenotypes of organs. However, there is currently a lack of understanding regarding the generalized rules that enable use of simple cellular principles to make morphological predictions of entire organoids. Therefore, we employed a phase field model with the following basic components: the minimum conditions for the timing and volume of cell division, lumen nucleation rules, and lumenal pressure. Through our model, we could compute and generate a myriad of organoid phenotypes observed till date. We propose morphological indices necessary to characterize the shapes and construct phase diagrams and show their dependencies on proliferation time and lumen pressure. Additionally, we introduced the lumen-index parameter, which helped in examining the criteria to maintain organoids as spherical structures comprising a single layer of cells and enclosing an intact lumen. Finally, we predict a star-like organoid phenotype that did not undergo differentiation, suggesting that the volume constraint during cell division may determine the final phenotype. In summary, our approach provides researchers with guidelines to test the mechanisms of self-organization and predict the shape of organoid. Author summary In nature, a wide variety of organ morphologies are observed. Owing to the complexity of the process underlying the acquisition of organs’ morphology, it is challenging to investigate the mechanisms that lead to such variations. A promising approach to study these variations is the use of “computational organoid” study, which is the computational-based study of self-organizing shapes in multicellular assemblies and fluid-filled cavities called lumens that develop from a few proliferating cells. This study explores general mechanisms that dictate how various mechanical factors affect the growing self-organized multicellular assembly. We relied on computer simulations of the mathematical model called multicellular phase-field model with lumens and explored the mechanical factor effects, such as the lumen pressure while considering the time and volume conditions required for cell division. These simulations generated and categorized a wide range of organoid phenotypes based on the varying lumen pressure and cell division conditions. These phenotypes were characterized into seven distinct classes, based on the morphological index sets, including a cellular monolayer/multilayer surrounding single or multiple lumens and branch formation. These phenotypes were obtained without the assumption of differentiation. Our study elucidates the mechanisms underlying the organoid and organ formation with different shapes, thereby highlighting the significance of mechanical forces in shaping these complex biological structures.
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Dates and versions

hal-04285930 , version 1 (14-11-2023)

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Sakurako Tanida, Kana Fuji, Linjie Lu, Tristan Guyomar, Byung Ho Lee, et al.. The interplay between lumen pressure and cell proliferation determines organoid morphology in a multicellular phase field model. 2023. ⟨hal-04285930⟩
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