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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Tight junctions regulate lumen morphology via hydrostatic pressure and junctional tension

Markus Mukenhirn
Chen-Ho Wang
  • Function : Author
Tristan Guyomar
  • Function : Author
Matthew J Bovyn
  • Function : Author
Michael F Staddon
  • Function : Author
Riccardo Maraspini
  • Function : Author
Linjie Lu
  • Function : Author
Cecilie Martin-Lemaitre
  • Function : Author
Masaki Sano
  • Function : Author
Tetsuya Hiraiwa
  • Function : Author
Alf Honigmann
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Summary Formation of fluid filled lumen by epithelial tissues is a fundamental process for organ development. How epithelial cells regulate the hydraulic and cortical forces to control lumen morphology is not completely understood. Here, we quantified the mechanical role of tight junctions in lumen formation using genetically modified MDCKII cysts. We found that the paracellular ion barrier formed by claudin receptors is not required for hydraulic inflation of lumen. However, depletion of the zonula occludens scaffold resulted in lumen collapse and folding of apical membranes. Combining quantitative measurements and perturbations of hydrostatic lumen pressure and junctional tension with modelling, we were able to predict lumen morphologies from the pressure-tension force balance. We found that in MDCK tissue the tight junction promotes formation of spherical lumen by decreasing cortical tension via inhibition of myosin. In addition, we found that the apical surface area of cells is largely uncoupled from lumen volume changes, suggesting that excess apical area contributes to lumen opening in the low-pressure regime. Overall, our findings provide a mechanical understanding of how epithelial cells use tight junctions to modulate tissue and lumen shape.

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Dates and versions

hal-04285917 , version 1 (14-11-2023)

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Markus Mukenhirn, Chen-Ho Wang, Tristan Guyomar, Matthew J Bovyn, Michael F Staddon, et al.. Tight junctions regulate lumen morphology via hydrostatic pressure and junctional tension. 2023. ⟨hal-04285917⟩
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