Combined multiplexed phage display, high-throughput sequencing, and functional assays as a platform for identifying modulatory VHHs targeting the FSHR - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2023

Combined multiplexed phage display, high-throughput sequencing, and functional assays as a platform for identifying modulatory VHHs targeting the FSHR

Abstract

Developing modulatory antibodies against G protein-coupled receptors is challenging. In this study, we targeted the follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR), a significant regulator of reproduction, with variable domains of heavy chain-only antibodies (VHHs). We built two immune VHH libraries and submitted them to multiplexed phage display approaches. We used next-generation sequencing to identify 34 clusters of specifically enriched sequences that were functionally assessed in a primary screen based on a cAMP response element (CRE)-dependent reporter gene assay. In this assay, 23 VHHs displayed negative or positive modulation of FSH-induced responses, suggesting a high success rate of the multiplexed strategy. We then focused on the largest cluster identified (i.e., PRC1) that displayed positive modulation of FSH action. We demonstrated that PRC1 specifically binds to the human FSHR and human FSHR/FSH complex while potentiating FSH-induced cAMP production and Gs recruitment. We conclude that the improved selection strategy reported here is effective for rapidly identifying functionally active VHHs and could be adapted to target other challenging membrane receptors. This study also led to the identification of PRC1, the first potential positive modulator VHH reported for the human FSHR.
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hal-04274818 , version 1 (08-11-2023)

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Anielka Zehnaker, Amandine Vallet, Juliette Gourdon, Caterina Sarti, Vinesh Jugnarain, et al.. Combined multiplexed phage display, high-throughput sequencing, and functional assays as a platform for identifying modulatory VHHs targeting the FSHR. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2023, 24 (21), pp.15961. ⟨10.3390/ijms242115961⟩. ⟨hal-04274818⟩
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