ExTraS program: documenting the processes of fixation, recording, and preservation of combustion products in speleothems - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences Year : 2023

ExTraS program: documenting the processes of fixation, recording, and preservation of combustion products in speleothems

Abstract

In recent years, pyroarchaeology has expanded rapidly and included experimental approaches. However, analyses of the combustion products carried by smoke (mainly soot and microcharcoal) and the study of fixing, recording, and preserving processes of this material on parietal surfaces remain limited. We therefore launched the ExTraS (Experiments on Traces of Soot) program, which aims to document the processes of fixation, recording, and preservation of combustion products in speleothems. We focused on various parameters, including the influence of wall surfaces, meteorological and seasonal conditions, and the nature of the fuel. Here, we present results acquired over several years (2015–2023) that combine macroscopic, microscopic, and colorimetric observations, as well as Raman microspectroscopy characterization. Our findings improve our understanding of the formation process of sooty speleothems observed at archaeological sites in rock shelters and caves.
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hal-04269653 , version 1 (03-11-2023)

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Ségolène Vandevelde, Toomaï Boucherat, Adelphine Bonneau, Damien Deldicque, Lionel Marié, et al.. ExTraS program: documenting the processes of fixation, recording, and preservation of combustion products in speleothems. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 2023, 15 (11), pp.169. ⟨10.1007/s12520-023-01869-3⟩. ⟨hal-04269653⟩
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