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Journal Articles Glycobiology Year : 2023

Development of a novel target-based cell assay, reporter of the activity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis protein- O -mannosyltransferase

Abstract

The Protein-O-mannosyltransferase is crucial for the virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis. This enzyme, called MtPMT (Rv1002c), is responsible for the post-translational O-mannosylation of mycobacterial proteins. It catalyzes the transfer of a single mannose residue from a polyprenol phospho-mannosyl lipidic donor to the hydroxyl groups of selected Ser/Thr residues in acceptor proteins during their translocation across the membrane. Previously, we provided evidence that the loss of MtPMT activity causes the absence of mannoproteins in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, severely impacting its intracellular growth, as well as a strong attenuation of its pathogenicity in immunocompromised mice. Therefore, it is of interest to develop specific inhibitors of this enzyme to better understand mycobacterial infectious diseases. Here we report the development of a “target-based” phenotypic assay for this enzyme, assessing its O-mannosyltransferase activity in bacteria, in the non-pathogenic Mycobacterium smegmatis strain. Robustness of the quantitative contribution of this assay was evaluated by intact protein mass spectrometry, using a panel of control strains, overexpressing the MtPMT gene, carrying different key point-mutations. Then, screening of a limited library of 30 compounds rationally chosen allowed us to identify 2 compounds containing pyrrole analogous rings, as significant inhibitors of MtPMT activity, affecting neither the growth of the mycobacterium nor its secretion of mannoproteins. These molecular cores could therefore serve as scaffold for the design of new pharmaceutical agents that could improve treatment of mycobacterial diseases. We report here the implementation of a miniaturized phenotypic activity assay for a glycosyltransferase of the C superfamily.
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Dates and versions

hal-04264267 , version 1 (03-11-2023)

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Nicolas Géraud, Camille Falcou, Julien Parra, Carine Froment, David Rengel, et al.. Development of a novel target-based cell assay, reporter of the activity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis protein- O -mannosyltransferase. Glycobiology, 2023, ⟨10.1093/glycob/cwad072⟩. ⟨hal-04264267⟩
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