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Conference Papers Year : 2023

Dealing with Non-Gaussianity of SAR-Derived Wet Surface Ratio for Flood Extent Representation Improvement

Abstract

Owing to advances in data assimilation, notably Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF), flood simulation and forecast capabilities have greatly improved in recent years. The motivation of the research work is to reduce comprehensively the uncertainties in the model parameters, forcing and hydraulic state, and consequently improve the overall flood reanalysis and forecast capability, especially in the floodplain. It aims at assimilating SAR-derived (typically from Sentinel-1 mission) flood extent observations, expressed in terms of wet surface ratio. The non-Gaussianity of the observation errors associated with the SAR flood observations violates a major hypothesis regarding the EnKF and jeopardizes the optimality of the filter analysis. Therefore, a special treatment of such non-Gaussianity with a Gaussian anamorphosis process is thus proposed. This strategy was validated and applied over the Garonne Marmandaise catchment (South-west of France) represented with the TELEMAC-2D hydrodynamic model, focusing on a major flood event that occurred in December 2019. The assimilation of the SAR-derived wet surface ratio observations, in complement to the in-situ water surface elevations, is illustrated to consequentially improve the flood representation.

Dates and versions

hal-04254492 , version 1 (23-10-2023)

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Cite

Thanh Huy Nguyen, Sophie Ricci, Andrea Piacentini, Ehouarn Simon, Raquel Rodriquez Suquet, et al.. Dealing with Non-Gaussianity of SAR-Derived Wet Surface Ratio for Flood Extent Representation Improvement. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2023), IEEE, Jul 2023, Pasadena (CA), United States. pp.1595-1598, ⟨10.1109/IGARSS52108.2023.10282744⟩. ⟨hal-04254492⟩
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