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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Signature of (anti)cooperativity in the stochastic fluctuations of small systems: application to the bacterial flagellar motor

Abstract

The cooperative binding of molecular agents onto a substrate is pervasive in living systems. To study whether a system shows cooperativity, one can rely on a fluctuation analysis of quantities such as the number of substrate-bound units and the residence time in an occupancy state. Since the relative standard deviation from the statistical mean monotonically decreases with the number of binding sites, these techniques are only suitable for small enough systems, such as those implicated in stochastic processes inside cells. Here, we present a general-purpose grand canonical Hamiltonian description of a small one-dimensional (1D) lattice gas with either nearest-neighbor or long-range interactions as prototypical examples of cooperativity-influenced adsorption processes. First, we elucidate how the strength and sign of the interaction potential between neighboring bound particles on the lattice determine the intensity of the fluctuations of the mean occupancy. We then employ this relationship to compare the theoretical predictions of our model to data from single molecule experiments on bacterial flagellar motors (BFM) of E. coli. In this way, we find evidence that cooperativity controls the mechano-sensitive dynamical assembly of the torque-generating units, the so-called stator units, onto the BFM. Finally, we estimate the stator-stator interaction potential and attempt to quantify the adaptability of the BFM.
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Dates and versions

hal-04252827 , version 1 (21-10-2023)

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María-José Franco-Oñate, Andrea Parmeggiani, Jérôme Dorignac, Frédéric Geniet, Jean-Charles Walter, et al.. Signature of (anti)cooperativity in the stochastic fluctuations of small systems: application to the bacterial flagellar motor. 2023. ⟨hal-04252827⟩
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