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Journal Articles Molecules Year : 2023

Carbon Materials Prepared from Invading Pelagic Sargassum for Supercapacitors’ Electrodes

Abstract

Since 2011, substantial amounts of pelagic Sargassum algae have washed up along the Caribbean beaches and the Gulf of Mexico, leading to negative impacts on the economy and the environment of those areas. Hence, it is now crucial to develop strategies to mitigate this problem while valorizing such invasive biomass. This work deals with the successful exploitation of this pelagic Sargassum seaweed for the fabrication of carbon materials that can be used as electrodes for supercapacitors. Pelagic Sargassum precursors were simply pyrolyzed at temperatures varying from 600 to 900 °C. The resultant carbonaceous materials were then extensively characterized using different techniques, such as nitrogen adsorption for textural characterization, as well as X-ray photoelectron (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopies (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), to understand their structures and functionalities. The electrochemical properties of the carbon materials were also tested for their performance as supercapacitors using cyclic voltammetry (CV), the galvanostatic method and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy analyses (EIS). We managed to have a large specific surface, i.e., 1664 m2 g−1 for biochar prepared at 800 °C (CS800). Eventually, CS800 turned out to exhibit the highest capacitance (96 F g−1) over the four samples, along with the highest specific surface (1664 m2 g−1), with specific resistance of about 0.07 Ω g −1.
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hal-04250898 , version 1 (20-10-2023)

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Sandra Roche, Christelle Yacou, Corine Jean Marius, Ronald Ranguin, Marckens Francoeur, et al.. Carbon Materials Prepared from Invading Pelagic Sargassum for Supercapacitors’ Electrodes. Molecules, 2023, 28 (15), pp.5882. ⟨10.3390/molecules28155882⟩. ⟨hal-04250898⟩
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