First shot of the smoking gun: probing the electroweak phase transition in the 2HDM with novel searches for $A \to ZH$ in $\ell^+ \ell^- t \bar{t}$ and $\nu \nu b \bar{b}$ final states - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of High Energy Physics Year : 2024

First shot of the smoking gun: probing the electroweak phase transition in the 2HDM with novel searches for $A \to ZH$ in $\ell^+ \ell^- t \bar{t}$ and $\nu \nu b \bar{b}$ final states

Abstract

Recently the ATLAS collaboration has reported the first results of searches for heavy scalar resonances decaying into a $Z$ boson and a lighter new scalar resonance, where the $Z$ boson decays leptonically and the lighter scalar decays into a top-quark pair, giving rise to $\ell^+ \ell^- t \bar{t}$ final states. This had previously been identified as a smoking-gun signature at the LHC for a first-order electroweak phase transition (FOEWPT) within the framework of two Higgs doublet models (2HDMs). In addition, ATLAS also presented new limits where the $Z$ boson decays into pairs of neutrinos and the lighter scalar resonance into bottom-quark pairs, giving rise to the $\nu \nu b \bar b$ final state. We analyze the impact of these new searches on the 2HDM parameter space, with emphasis on their capability to probe currently allowed 2HDM regions featuring a strong FOEWPT. We also study the complementarity of these new searches with other LHC probes that could target the FOEWPT region of the 2HDM. Remarkably, the ATLAS search in the $\ell^+ \ell^- t \bar{t}$ final state shows a local $2.85\,\sigma$ excess (for masses of about 650 GeV and 450 GeV for the heavy and light resonance) in the 2HDM parameter region that would yield a FOEWPT in the early universe, which could constitute the first experimental hint of baryogenesis at the electroweak scale. We analyze the implications of this excess, and discuss the detectability prospects for the associated gravitational wave signal from the FOEWPT. Furthermore, we project the sensitivity reach of the $\ell^+ \ell^- t \bar{t}$ signature for the upcoming runs of the LHC. Finally, we introduce the python package thdmTools, a state-of-art tool for the exploration of the 2HDM.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
JHEP01(2024)107.pdf (1.82 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Licence

Dates and versions

hal-04246821 , version 1 (09-02-2024)

Licence

Identifiers

Cite

Thomas Biekötter, Sven Heinemeyer, Jose Miguel No, Kateryna Radchenko, María Olalla Olea Romacho, et al.. First shot of the smoking gun: probing the electroweak phase transition in the 2HDM with novel searches for $A \to ZH$ in $\ell^+ \ell^- t \bar{t}$ and $\nu \nu b \bar{b}$ final states. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2024, 2024 (01), pp.107. ⟨10.1007/JHEP01(2024)107⟩. ⟨hal-04246821⟩
53 View
19 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More