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Journal Articles Biomolecules Year : 2023

In Vivo Protein–Protein Binding Competition Assay Based on Split-GFP Reassembly: Proof of Concept

Christophe Bignon
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Abstract

The split-green fluorescent protein (GFP) reassembly assay is a well-established approach to study protein–protein interactions (PPIs). In this assay, when two interacting proteins X and Y, respectively fused to residues 1–157 and to residues 158–237 of GFP, are co-expressed in E. coli, the two GFP halves are brought to sufficient proximity to reassociate and fold to recreate the functional GFP. At constant protein expression level, the intensity of fluorescence produced by the bacteria is proportional to the binding affinity of X to Y. We hypothesized that adding a third partner (Z) endowed with an affinity for either X or Y would lead to an in vivo competition assay. We report here the different steps of the set-up of this competition assay, and define the experimental conditions required to obtained reliable results. Results show that this competition assay is a potentially interesting tool for screening libraries of binding inhibitors, Z being either a protein or a chemical reagent.
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Dates and versions

hal-04237692 , version 1 (11-10-2023)

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Christophe Bignon, Sonia Longhi. In Vivo Protein–Protein Binding Competition Assay Based on Split-GFP Reassembly: Proof of Concept. Biomolecules, 2023, 13 (2), pp.354. ⟨10.3390/biom13020354⟩. ⟨hal-04237692⟩
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