An End-To-End Neuromorphic Radio Classification System with an Efficient Sigma-Delta-Based Spike Encoding Scheme - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles IEEE Transactions on Artificial Intelligence Year : 2023

An End-To-End Neuromorphic Radio Classification System with an Efficient Sigma-Delta-Based Spike Encoding Scheme

Abstract

Rapid advancements in 5G communication and the Internet of Things have prompted the development of cognitive radio sensing for spectrum monitoring and malicious attack detection. An end-to-end radio classification system is essential to realize efficient real-time monitoring at the edge. This work presents an end-to-end neuromorphic system enabled by an efficient spiking neural network (SNN) for radio classification. A novel hardware-efficient spiking encoding method is proposed leveraging the Sigma-Delta modulation mechanism in analog-to-digital converters. It requires no additional hardware components, simplifies the system design, and helps reduce conversion latency. Following a designed hardware-emulating conversion process, the classification performance is verified on two benchmark radio modulation datasets. A comparable accuracy to an artificial neural network (ANN) baseline with a difference of 0.30% is achieved on the dataset RADIOML 2018 with more realistic conditions. Further analysis reveals that the proposed method requires less power-intensive computational operations, leading to 22× lower computational energy consumption. Additionally, this method exhibits more than 99% accuracy on the dataset when the signal-to-noise ratio is above zero dB. The SNN-based classification module is realized on FPGA with a heterogeneous streaming architecture, achieving high throughput and low resource utilization. Therefore, this work demonstrates a promising solution for constructing an efficient high-performance end-to-end radio classification system.
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Dates and versions

hal-04181477 , version 1 (16-08-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Wenzhe Guo, Kuilian Yang, Haralampos-G. Stratigopoulos, Hassan Aboushady, Khaled Nabil Salama. An End-To-End Neuromorphic Radio Classification System with an Efficient Sigma-Delta-Based Spike Encoding Scheme. IEEE Transactions on Artificial Intelligence, inPress, pp.1-14. ⟨10.1109/TAI.2023.3306334⟩. ⟨hal-04181477⟩
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