Liquid Water: When Hyperpolarizability Fluctuations Boost and Reshape the Second Harmonic Scattering Intensities - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters Year : 2023

Liquid Water: When Hyperpolarizability Fluctuations Boost and Reshape the Second Harmonic Scattering Intensities

Abstract

Second harmonic scattering (SHS) is a method of choice to investigate the molecular structure of liquids. While a clear interpretation of SHS intensity exists for diluted solutions of dyes, the scattering due to solvents remains difficult to interpret quantitatively. Here, we report a quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) approach to model the polarization-resolved SHS intensity of liquid water, quantifying different contributions to the signal. We point out that the molecular hyperpolarizability fluctuations and correlations cannot be neglected. The intermolecular orientational and hyperpolarizability correlations up to the third solvation layer strongly increase the scattering intensities and modulate the polarization-resolved oscillation that is predicted here by QM/MM without fitting parameters. Our approach can be generalized to other pure liquids to provide a quantitative interpretation of SHS intensities in terms of short-range molecular ordering.
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hal-04155453 , version 1 (07-07-2023)

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Guillaume Le Breton, Oriane Bonhomme, Emmanuel Benichou, Claire Loison. Liquid Water: When Hyperpolarizability Fluctuations Boost and Reshape the Second Harmonic Scattering Intensities. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2023, 14 (18), pp.4158-4163. ⟨10.1021/acs.jpclett.3c00546⟩. ⟨hal-04155453⟩
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