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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2023

Microfluidic platform for the reproduction of hypoxic vascular microenvironments

Abstract

Abstract Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) respond to mechanical stimuli caused by blood flow to maintain vascular homeostasis. Although the oxygen level in vascular microenvironment is lower than the atmospheric one, the cellular dynamics of ECs under hypoxic and flow exposure are not fully understood. Here, we describe a microfluidic platform for the reproduction hypoxic vascular microenvironments. Simultaneous application of hypoxic stress and fluid shear stress to the cultured cells was achieved by integrating a microfluidic device and a flow channel that adjusted the initial oxygen concentration in a cell culture medium. An EC monolayer was then formed on the media channel in the device, and the ECs were observed after exposure to hypoxic and flow conditions. The migration velocity of the ECs immediately increased after flow exposure, especially in the direction opposite to the flow direction, and gradually decreased, resulting in the lowest value under the hypoxic and flow exposure condition. The ECs after 6-h simultaneous exposure to hypoxic stress and fluid shear stress were generally aligned and elongated in the flow direction, with enhanced VE-cadherin expression and actin filament assembly. Thus, the developed microfluidic platform is useful for investigating the dynamics of ECs in vascular microenvironments.
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hal-04139079 , version 1 (22-03-2024)

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Naoyuki Takahashi, Daisuke Yoshino, Ryuji Sugahara, Satomi Hirose, Kazuki Sone, et al.. Microfluidic platform for the reproduction of hypoxic vascular microenvironments. Scientific Reports, 2023, 13 (1), pp.5428. ⟨10.1038/s41598-023-32334-9⟩. ⟨hal-04139079⟩
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