Difficulties of genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis in a consanguineous couple segregating for the same translocation (14;15) (q11;q13) and at risk for Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Human Genetics Year : 2004

Difficulties of genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis in a consanguineous couple segregating for the same translocation (14;15) (q11;q13) and at risk for Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes

Abstract

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and Angelman syndrome (AS) are associated with a loss of function of imprinted genes in the 15q11-q13 region mostly due to deletions or uniparental disomies (UPD). These anomalies usually occur de novo with a very low recurrence risk. However, in rare cases, familial translocations are observed, giving rise to a high recurrence risk. We report on the difficulties of genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis in a family segregating for a translocation (14;15)(q11;q13) where two consanguineous parents carry the same familial translocation in this chromosome 15 imprinting region. Both children of the couple inherited a chromosomal anomaly leading to PWS. However, a paternal 15q11-q13 deletion was responsible for PWS in the first child, whereas prenatal diagnosis demonstrated that PWS was associated with a maternal 15q11-q13 UPD in the fetus. This report demonstrates that both conventional and molecular cytogenetic parental analyses have to be performed when a deletion is responsible for PWS or AS in order not to overlook a familial translocation and to insure reliable diagnosis and genetic counseling.

Domains

Genetics

Dates and versions

hal-04126009 , version 1 (12-06-2023)

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Elisabeth Flori, Valérie Biancalana, Françoise Girard-Lemaire, Romain Favre, Jean Flori, et al.. Difficulties of genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis in a consanguineous couple segregating for the same translocation (14;15) (q11;q13) and at risk for Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes. European Journal of Human Genetics, 2004, 12 (3), pp.181-186. ⟨10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201134⟩. ⟨hal-04126009⟩
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