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Journal Articles Nonlinearity Year : 2023

Infinite WARM graphs III: strong reinforcement regime

Christian Hirsch
Mark Holmes


Abstract We study a reinforcement process on graphs G of bounded degree. The model involves a parameter α > 0 governing the strength of reinforcement, and Poisson clock rates λ v at the vertices v of the graph. When the Poisson clock at a vertex v rings, one of the edges incident to it is reinforced, with edge e being chosen with probability proportional to its current count (counts start from 1) raised to the power α . The main problem in such models is to describe the (random) subgraph , consisting of edges that are reinforced infinitely often. In this paper, we focus on the finite connected components of in the strong reinforcement regime ( α > 1) with clock rates that are uniformly bounded above. We show here that when α is sufficiently large, all connected components of are trees. When the firing rates λ v are constant, we show that all components are trees of diameter at most 3 when α is sufficiently large, and that there are infinitely many phase transitions as α ↓ 1 . For example, on the triangular lattice, increasingly large (odd) cycles appear as α ↓ 1 (while on the square lattice no finite component of contains a cycle for any α > 1). Increasingly long paths and other structures appear in both lattices when taking α ↓ 1 . In the special case where G = Z and α > 1, all connected components of are finite and we show that the possible cluster sizes are non-monotone in α . We also present several open problems.
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hal-04116856 , version 1 (09-06-2023)



Christian Hirsch, Mark Holmes, Victor Kleptsyn. Infinite WARM graphs III: strong reinforcement regime. Nonlinearity, 2023, 36 (6), pp.3013-3042. ⟨10.1088/1361-6544/acc9a0⟩. ⟨hal-04116856⟩
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