Antibacterial Electrodeposited Copper-Doped Calcium Phosphate Coatings for Dental Implants - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Functional Biomaterials Year : 2023

Antibacterial Electrodeposited Copper-Doped Calcium Phosphate Coatings for Dental Implants

Abstract

Dental implants provide a good solution for the replacement of tooth roots. However, the full restoration of tooth functions relies on the bone-healing period before positioning the abutment and the crown on the implant, with the associated risk of post-operative infection. This study aimed at developing a homogeneous and adherent thin calcium phosphate antibacterial coating on titanium dental implants by electrodeposition to favor both implant osseointegration and to limit peri-implantitis. By combining global (XRD, FTIR-ATR, elemental titration) and local (SEM, Raman spectroscopy on the coating surface and thickness) characterization techniques, we determined the effect of electrodeposition time on the characteristics and phases content of the coating and the associated mechanism of its formation. The 1-min-electrodeposited CaP coating (thickness: 2 ± 1 μm) was mainly composed of nano-needles of octacalcium phosphate. We demonstrated its mechanical stability after screwing and unscrewing the dental implant in an artificial jawbone. Then, we showed that we can reach a high copper incorporation rate (up to a 27% Cu/(Cu+Ca) molar ratio) in this CaP coating by using an ionic exchange post-treatment with copper nitrate solution at different concentrations. The biological properties (antibiofilm activity and cytotoxicity) were tested in vitro using a model of mixed bacteria biofilm mimicking peri-implantitis and the EN 10993-5 standard (direct contact), respectively. An efficient copper-doping dose was determined, providing an antibiofilm property to the coating without cytotoxic side effects. By combining the electrodeposition and copper ionic exchange processes, we can develop an antibiofilm calcium phosphate coating on dental implants with a tunable thickness and phases content.
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hal-04061706 , version 1 (30-05-2023)

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Camille Pierre, Ghislaine Bertrand, Iltaf Pavy, Olivier Benhamou, Christian Rey, et al.. Antibacterial Electrodeposited Copper-Doped Calcium Phosphate Coatings for Dental Implants. Journal of Functional Biomaterials, 2023, 14 (1), pp.20. ⟨10.3390/JFB14010020⟩. ⟨hal-04061706⟩
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