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Journal Articles Frontiers in Neuroscience Year : 2023

Delayed closed-loop neurostimulation for the treatment of pathological brain rhythms in mental disorders: a computational study

Abstract

Mental disorders (MD) are among the top most demanding challenges in worldwide health. According to the World Health Organization, the burden of MDs continues to grow with significant impact on health and major social and human rights. A large number of MDs exhibit pathological rhythms, which serve as the disorders characteristic biomarkers. These rhythms are the targets for neurostimulation techniques. Open-loop neurostimulation employs stimulation protocols, which are rather independent of the patients health and brain state in the moment of treatment. Most alternative closed-loop stimulation protocols consider real-time brain activity observations but appear as adaptive open-loop protocols, where e.g. pre-defined stimulation sets in if observations fulfil pre-defined criteria. The present theoretical work proposes a fully-adaptive closed-loop neurostimulation setup, that tunes the brain activities power spectral density (PSD) according to a user-defined PSD. The utilized brain model is non-parametric and estimated from the observations via magnitude fitting in a pre-stimulus setup phase. Moreover, the algorithm takes into account possible conduction delays in the feedback connection between observation and stimulation electrode. All involved features are illustrated on pathological α-and γ-rhythms known from psychosis. To this end, we simulate numerically a linear neural population brain model and a non-linear cortico-thalamic feedback loop model recently derived to explain brain activity in psychosis.
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Dates and versions

hal-04037276 , version 2 (20-03-2023)
hal-04037276 , version 1 (20-03-2023)
hal-04037276 , version 3 (23-03-2023)
hal-04037276 , version 4 (05-07-2023)

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Thomas Wahl, Joséphine Riedinger, Michel Duprez, Axel Hutt. Delayed closed-loop neurostimulation for the treatment of pathological brain rhythms in mental disorders: a computational study. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2023, ⟨10.3389/fnins.2023.1183670⟩. ⟨hal-04037276v4⟩
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