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Journal Articles Sensors Year : 2023

Wideband Spectrum Sensing Using Modulated Wideband Converter and Data Reduction Invariant Algorithms

Abstract

Wideband spectrum sensing is a challenging problem in the framework of cognitive radio and spectrum surveillance, mainly because of the high sampling rates required by standard approaches. In this paper, a compressed sensing approach was considered to solve this problem, relying on a sub-Nyquist or Xsampling scheme, known as a modulated wideband converter. First, the data reduction at its output is performed in order to enable a highly effective processing scheme for spectrum reconstruction. The impact of this data transformation on the behavior of the most popular sparse reconstruction algorithms is then analyzed. A new mathematical approach is proposed to demonstrate that greedy reconstruction algorithms, such as Orthogonal Matching Pursuit, are invariant with respect to the proposed data reduction. Relying on the same formalism, a data reduction invariant version of the LASSO (least absolute shrinkage and selection operator) reconstruction algorithm was also introduced. It is finally demonstrated that the proposed algorithm provides good reconstruction results in a wideband spectrum sensing scenario, using both synthetic and measured data.

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hal-03995798 , version 1 (18-02-2023)

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Gilles Burel, Emanuel Radoi, Roland Gautier, Denis Le Jeune. Wideband Spectrum Sensing Using Modulated Wideband Converter and Data Reduction Invariant Algorithms. Sensors, 2023, Advanced Techniques for Acquisition and Sensing, 23 (4), pp.2263. ⟨10.3390/s23042263⟩. ⟨hal-03995798⟩
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