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Journal Articles Journal of Climate Year : 2023

Biogeophysical Effects of Land-Use and Land-Cover Change Not Detectable in Warmest Month

Abstract

Abstract Land-use and land-cover changes (hereafter simply “land use”) alter climates biogeophysically by affecting surface fluxes of energy and water. Yet, near-surface temperature responses to land use across observational versus model-based studies and spatial-temporal scales can be inconsistent. Here we assess the prevalence of the historical land use signal of daily maximum temperatures averaged over the warmest month of the year ( t LU ) using regularized optimal fingerprinting for detection and attribution. We use observations from the Climatic Research Unit and Berkeley Earth alongside historical simulations with and without land use from phase 6 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project to reconstruct an experiment representing the effects of land use on climate. To assess the signal of land use at spatially resolved continental and global scales, we aggregate all input data across reference regions and continents, respectively. At both scales, land use does not comprise a significantly detectable set of forcings for two of four Earth system models and their multimodel mean. Furthermore, using a principal component analysis, we find that t LU is mostly composed of the nonlocal effects of land use rather than its local effects. These findings show that, at scales relevant for climate attribution, uncertainties in Earth system model representations of land use are too high relative to the effects of internal variability to confidently assess land use.
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Year Month Jours
Avant la publication
Thursday, February 22, 2024
Embargoed file
Thursday, February 22, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04044878 , version 1 (24-03-2023)

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Luke Grant, Lukas Gudmundsson, Edouard L Davin, David M Lawrence, Nicolas Vuichard, et al.. Biogeophysical Effects of Land-Use and Land-Cover Change Not Detectable in Warmest Month. Journal of Climate, 2023, 36 (6), pp.1845-1861. ⟨10.1175/jcli-d-22-0391.1⟩. ⟨hal-04044878⟩
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