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Journal Articles Energy Year : 2023

Investigation of non-ideal gas flows around a circular cylinder

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Abstract

The aerodynamic performance of a cylinder Pitot probe for velocity measurements in compressible non-ideal gas flows, such as those encountered in Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) turbines, is investigated by means of Computational Fluid Dynamics. Numerical simulations are performed at subsonic and transonic conditions, and freestream Reynolds numbers are in the cylinder critical regime. The working fluid is the organic vapor Novec™649. Air flow simulations at similar inlet conditions are reported for comparison. Steady and unsteady RANS solutions are computed with the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model. The results are assessed against experimental measurements collected in a wind tunnel. URANS is in good agreement with experimental data for all considered conditions, and delivers reasonably accurate estimations of the cylinder back pressure. Using a dense gas leads to a lower minimum pressure coefficient compared to air, alongside a reduced maximum Mach number due to the non-ideal speed of sound behaviour. In the experimentally studied range of compressibility factors and Mach numbers, discrepancies observed with respect to air flow are mostly an effect of the different isentropic exponents. In the transonic regime, shock waves causing boundary layer separation are weakened in the dense gas, but back pressure is also decreased, contributing to rising form drag.
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hal-03940146 , version 1 (15-01-2023)

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Camille Matar, Paola Cinnella, Xavier Gloerfelt, Felix Reinker, Stefan Aus Der Wiesche. Investigation of non-ideal gas flows around a circular cylinder. Energy, In press, pp.126563. ⟨10.1016/j.energy.2022.126563⟩. ⟨hal-03940146⟩
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