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Journal Articles Composite Interfaces Year : 2022

Multiscale investigation of the fate of silver during printed paper electronics recycling

Abstract

The use of printed paper electronics in consumer goods is expected to experience a mass development in the next future. The ink used in these devices contains silver nanomaterials that may be released in the environment at the product end-of-life. We report here the first evaluation of the fate of silver during a pilot-scale recycling of printed paper electronics, made of paper printed with a cellulose nanofibrils-silver nanowire ink. We show that the released effluents are mainly free from silver, which is retained in the pulp conserved for recycling. We use atomic force microscopy experiments to show that this strong pulp-silver bond is due to the embedding of the silver nanowires in the pulp by coils of cellulose nanofibrils. We propose an estimate of the resulting adhesion stress of the nanowires to the ink, high enough to keep the silver inside the pulp during the recycling procedure.
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Dates and versions

hal-03877087 , version 1 (29-11-2022)

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Bahareh Zareeipolgardani, Agnès Piednoir, Blandine Joyard-Pitiot, Gael Depres, Laurent Charlet, et al.. Multiscale investigation of the fate of silver during printed paper electronics recycling. Composite Interfaces , 2022, pp.1-14. ⟨10.1080/09276440.2022.2128259⟩. ⟨hal-03877087⟩
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