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Journal Articles Nature Reviews Physics Year : 2022

How to optimize high-order harmonic generation in gases


High-order harmonic generation (HHG) in gases leads to short-pulse extreme ultraviolet (XUV) radiation that is useful in a number of applications, such as attosecond science and nanoscale imaging. However, this process depends on many parameters, and there is still no consensus on how to choose the target geometry to optimize the source efficiency. We review the physics of HHG with emphasis on the macroscopic aspects of the nonlinear interaction, discussing the influence of length of medium, pressure, and intensity of the driving laser on the HHG conversion efficiency. Efficient HHG can be realized over a large range of pressures and medium lengths, if these follow a certain hyperbolic equation. This explains the large versatility in gas target designs for efficient HHG and provides design guidance for future high-flux XUV sources
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hal-03848223 , version 1 (10-11-2022)



R. Weissenbilder, S. Carlström, L. Rego, C. Guo, C. Heyl, et al.. How to optimize high-order harmonic generation in gases. Nature Reviews Physics, 2022, 4 (11), pp.713-722. ⟨10.1038/s42254-022-00522-7⟩. ⟨hal-03848223⟩
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