Exposure of Midge Larvae (Chironomus riparius) to Graphene Oxide Leads to Development Alterations - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Toxics Year : 2022

Exposure of Midge Larvae (Chironomus riparius) to Graphene Oxide Leads to Development Alterations

Abstract

Despite the fast-growing use and production of graphene-based nanomaterials (GBMs), data concerning their effects on freshwater benthic macroinvertebrates are scarce. This study aims to investigate the effects of graphene oxide (GO) on the midge Chironomus riparius. Mortality, growth inhibition, development delay and teratogenicity, assessed using mentum deformity analysis, were investigated after a 7-day static exposure of the first instar larvae under controlled conditions. The collected data indicated that the survival rate was not impacted by GO, whereas chronic toxicity following a dose-dependent response occurred. Larval growth was affected, leading to a significant reduction in larval length (from 4.4 to 10.1%) in individuals reaching the fourth instar at any of the tested concentrations (from 0.1 to 100 mg/L). However, exposure to GO is not associated with an increased occurrence of mouthpart deformities or seriousness in larvae. These results highlight the suitability of monitoring the larval development of C. riparius as a sensitive marker of GO toxicity. The potential ecological consequences of larval size decrease need to be considered for a complete characterization of the GO-related environmental risk.
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Dates and versions

hal-03843233 , version 1 (08-11-2022)

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Lauris Evariste, Laura Lagier, Chloé Chary, Antoine Mottier, Stéphanie Cadarsi, et al.. Exposure of Midge Larvae (Chironomus riparius) to Graphene Oxide Leads to Development Alterations. Toxics, 2022, 10 (10), pp.588. ⟨10.3390/toxics10100588⟩. ⟨hal-03843233⟩
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