In situ study of the evolution of NiFe nanocatalysts in reductive and oxidative environments upon thermal treatments - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Faraday Discussions Year : 2023

In situ study of the evolution of NiFe nanocatalysts in reductive and oxidative environments upon thermal treatments

Abstract

The conversion of biomass as a sustainable path to access valuable chemicals and fuels is very attractive for the chemical industry, but catalytic conversions still often rely on the use of noble metals. Sustainability constraints require developing alternative catalysts from abundant and low-cost metals. In this context, NiFe nanoparticles are interesting candidates. In their reduced and supported form, they have been reported to be more active and selective than monometallic Ni in the hydrogenation of the polar functions of organic molecules, and the two metals are very abundant. However, unlike noble metals, Ni and Fe are easily oxidized in ambient conditions, and understanding their transformation in both oxidative and reductive atmospheres is an important though seldom investigated issue to be addressed before their application in catalysis. Three types of NiFe nanoparticles were prepared by an organometallic approach to ensure the formation of ultrasmall nanoparticles (<3.5 nm) with a narrow size distribution, controlled composition and chemical order, while working in mild conditions: Ni2Fe1 and Ni1Fe1, both with a Ni rich core and Fe rich surface, and an alloy with a Ni1Fe9 composition. Supported systems were obtained by the impregnation of silica with a colloidal solution of the preformed nanoparticles. Using advanced characterization techniques, such as wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) in in situ conditions, this study reports on the evolution of the chemical order and of the oxidation state of the metals upon exposure to air, hydrogen, and/or increasing temperature, all factors that may affect their degree of reduction and subsequent performance in catalysis. We show that if oxidation readily occurs upon exposure to air, the metals can revert to their initial state upon heating in the presence of H2 but with a change in structure and chemical ordering.
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Dates and versions

hal-03818734 , version 1 (07-02-2023)

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François Robert, Pierre Lecante, Jean-Sébastien Girardon, Robert Wojcieszak, Éric Marceau, et al.. In situ study of the evolution of NiFe nanocatalysts in reductive and oxidative environments upon thermal treatments. Faraday Discussions, 2023, 242, pp.353-373. ⟨10.1039/D2FD00095D⟩. ⟨hal-03818734⟩
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