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Journal Articles Science of the Total Environment Year : 2022

The impact of temperature on insecticide sensitivity depends on transgenerational effects

Abstract

The combined effects of insecticides and temperature are increasingly being studied because species are expected to change their responses to insecticides with climate warming. As recently highlighted, the impact of temperature on insecticide sensitivity might be influenced by the environment experienced by the previous generation. However, a pioneering study that showed this transgenerational effect in the mosquito Culex pipiens needs to be confirmed because two other studies did not show similar results. Here, we performed an experiment on the moth Spodoptera littoralis to test this hypothesis. We analysed reaction norms among experimental families to test transgenerational effects, i.e., the variation in the response of families to the combined effects of the insecticide chlorpyrifos and developmental temperature. Reaction norm analyses revealed that the responses of the families to chlorpyrifos and temperature differed for developmental time and larval survival, two key parameters in S. littoralis. Crucially, for larval survival, a family effect influenced the impact of temperature on chlorpyrifos sensitivity. This finding confirms the pioneering study on C. pipiens that showed transgenerational effects on the combined effects of insecticides and temperature. This result also highlights that transgenerational plasticity can be important to consider in ecotoxicology.
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Dates and versions

hal-03777562 , version 1 (14-09-2022)

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Thibaut Bagni, David Siaussat, Annick Maria, Philippe Couzi, Martine Maïbèche, et al.. The impact of temperature on insecticide sensitivity depends on transgenerational effects. Science of the Total Environment, 2022, 851, pp.158140. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.158140⟩. ⟨hal-03777562⟩
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