‘It's not my greengrocer, it's someone from the medical profession’: A qualitative study regarding acceptability of deceptive and open‐label placebo prescribing in France - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles British Journal of Health Psychology Year : 2023

‘It's not my greengrocer, it's someone from the medical profession’: A qualitative study regarding acceptability of deceptive and open‐label placebo prescribing in France

Abstract

Objectives: To explore participants' views regarding clinical use of deceptive placebo (DP) and open-label placebo (OLP) treatments. Design: Qualitative thematic analysis. Methods: We conducted eight semi-structured interviews with healthy participants in an experimental trial comparing the efficacy of OLP and DP (Clinical trials n°NCT03934138). Interviewees' opinions were solicited following administration of placebos during the trial. Interviews were analysed using data-driven analysis. Results: We identified three themes. First, participants considered trust central in judging a placebo treatment to be acceptable. They expressed the importance of an implicit trust both in their health care professionals' (HCPs') competency as well as in the profession at large. A second theme was the perception of how placebo treatments might solve health problems. Acceptability of both types of placebo treatments was dependent on the perception patients had about the treatment solving their problem and/or doubts regarding the effectiveness of placebos The third theme encompassed perceived risks associated with placebo prescribing. Some comments viewed placebos positively as facilitating reduced medication intake. However, participants also identified the potential of placebos to generate adverse side effects. Conclusions: Treatment acceptability by patients is a pre-requisite, alongside effectiveness, to harness OLPs in clinical care. Our study identified the importance of trust in HCPs prescribing placebos, the clinical effectiveness of placebos and the potential risks of these interventions in assessing their acceptability. Future research is needed to explore the contexts in which placebos might be used, and how best to communicate information about placebo interventions

Domains

Psychology Ethics
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Origin Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-03774306 , version 1 (10-09-2022)

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Cite

Leo Druart, Oriana Vauthrin, Nicolas Pinsault, Cosima Locher, Charlotte Blease. ‘It's not my greengrocer, it's someone from the medical profession’: A qualitative study regarding acceptability of deceptive and open‐label placebo prescribing in France. British Journal of Health Psychology, 2023, 28 (2), pp.273-290. ⟨10.1111/bjhp.12624⟩. ⟨hal-03774306⟩
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