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Journal Articles Insects Year : 2022

Expression Patterns of Drosophila Melanogaster Glutathione Transferases


Glutathione transferases (GSTs) are ubiquitous enzymes that catalyze the conjugation of glutathione to various molecules. Among the 42 GSTs identified in Drosophila melanogaster, Delta and Epsilon are the largest classes, with 25 members. The Delta and Epsilon classes are involved in different functions, such as insecticide resistance and ecdysone biosynthesis. The insect GST number variability is due mainly to these classes. Thus, they are generally considered supports during the evolution for the adaptability of the insect species. To explore the link between Delta and Epsilon GST and their evolution, we analyzed the sequences using bioinformatic tools. Subgroups appear within the Delta and Epsilon GSTs with different levels of diversification. The diversification also appears in the sequences showing differences in the active site. Additionally, amino acids essential for structural stability or dimerization appear conserved in all GSTs. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed that the transcripts corresponding to these two classes are heterogeneously expressed within D. melanogaster. Some GSTs, such as GSTD1, are highly expressed in all tissues, suggesting their general function in detoxification. Conversely, some others, such as GSTD11 or GSTE4, are specifically expressed at a high level specifically in antennae, suggesting a potential role in olfaction.
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Licence : CC BY - Attribution
Licence : CC BY - Attribution

Dates and versions

hal-03728127 , version 1 (18-08-2022)





Elodie Gonis, Stéphane Fraichard, Thomas Chertemps, Arnaud Hecker, Mathieu Schwartz, et al.. Expression Patterns of Drosophila Melanogaster Glutathione Transferases. Insects, 2022, 13 (7), pp.612. ⟨10.3390/insects13070612⟩. ⟨hal-03728127⟩
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