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Journal Articles Polymer Degradation and Stability Year : 2022

Relationship between network structure and ultimate properties in polyurethane during a chain scission process

Abstract

To investigate the impact of chain scission on the tensile properties of elastomers, a polyester-based polyurethane was aged in seawater at several temperatures ranging from 40 °C to 90 °C. Before the hydrolysis process, water diffusion was first characterized and described by Fickian behaviour. In terms of temperature dependence, both mass at saturation and water diffusivity followed Arrhenius behaviour. For ageing durations that exceed saturation time, ester bond hydrolysis occurs and leads to chain scission within the polymer network. This chain scission rate could be described using a first-order reaction and followed Arrhenius behaviour with an activation energy of 71 kJ/mol. From a mechanical point of view, hydrolysis leads to large changes in both stress and strain at break. A gradual decrease in stress at break was observed for all ageing temperatures. Nevertheless, strain at break first increases during ageing and then drops off when the crosslink density is below a critical value of 1.25 kg/mol. After considering more than 30 ageing conditions, relationships between the average crosslink density and these ultimate properties were proposed and discussed here.
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Dates and versions

hal-03708306 , version 1 (29-06-2022)

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Sabrina Taourit, Pierre-Yves Le Gac, Bruno Fayolle. Relationship between network structure and ultimate properties in polyurethane during a chain scission process. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2022, 201, pp.109971. ⟨10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2022.109971⟩. ⟨hal-03708306⟩
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