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Conference Papers Year : 2022

Simulating LoRa-Based Direct-to-Satellite IoT Networks with FLoRaSat

Abstract

Direct-to-Satellite-IoT (DtS-IoT) is a promising approach for data transfer to/from IoT devices in remote areas where deploying terrestrial infrastructure is not appealing or feasible. In this context, Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites can serve as passing-by IoT gateways to which devices can offload buffered data to. However, transmission distance and orbital dynamics, combined with highly constrained devices on the ground makes DtS-IoT a very challenging problem. In fact, existing IoT medium access control protocols, negotiations schemes, etc. need to be revised and/or extended to scale up to these challenging conditions. The intricate time-dynamic aspects of DtS-IoT networks require of adequate simulation environments to assess the expected performance of enabling technologies. To make up for the lack of such tools, we present a novel event-driven open-source end-to-end simulation tool coined FLORASAT. The simulator leverages Omnet++ and includes a benchmarking DtS-IoT scenario comprising 16 cross-linked LEO satellites and 1500 IoT nodes on the surface. Satellites and devices are connected using the standard LoRaWAN Low-Power Wide Area (LPWAN) protocol (Class A and B). FLoRaSat allows the easy implementation and study of DtS-IoT radio access and core network protocols, and we take advantage of this flexibility to investigate expected network metrics and non-intuitive phenomena emerging from the resulting multi-gateway setup.
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Dates and versions

hal-03698223 , version 1 (17-06-2022)
hal-03698223 , version 2 (22-07-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03698223 , version 2

Cite

Juan A. Fraire, Pablo G Madoery, Mehdi Ait Mesbah, Oana Iova, Fabrice Valois. Simulating LoRa-Based Direct-to-Satellite IoT Networks with FLoRaSat. 2nd Workshop on Non-Terrestrial Networks in 6G Wireless (NTN-6G), Satellite Workshop of IEEE WoWMoM, Jun 2022, Belfast, United Kingdom. ⟨hal-03698223v2⟩
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