Organization of medical knowledge: documentation techniques applied to a macro-domain underpinned by sociopolitical issues - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Book Sections Year : 2022

Organization of medical knowledge: documentation techniques applied to a macro-domain underpinned by sociopolitical issues

Abstract

Chapter 8 by Marcin Trzmielewski and Claudio Gnoli is a joint contribution on the evolution of medical knowledge organization systems (MKOS) for the 1960s to 2019. These researchers are both specialists in knowledge organization, a field of activity and research that focuses on the design, study and critique of methods for organizing and representing knowledge, most often implemented in libraries and documentation centers. Based on a review of 71 articles published in information and documentation sciences, this chapter describes the main families of MKOSs, the most represented being ontologies, thesauri and classifications. The increase in the number of publications on this subject since 1960 reflects both the vitality of the field of knowledge organization, particularly in the United States and Canada, and the strong dynamics of scientific publication in medicine, and the generalization of health information on the medical Internet. Beyond the study of the structuring of concepts, the relationships between concepts, and the evolution of the various fields of medicine, this chapter presents a complete analysis of the "general public" or specialized users of MKOS. The study also focuses on the document processing process and questions the testing of specialized classifications organized by discipline in the face of interdisciplinarity. It appears that this field is still dominated by concerns related to the representation of knowledge, for which classifications also raise socio-cultural or political questions.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Trzmielewski & Gnoli_ Chapter 8 Organization of medical knowledge_Practices and Knowledge in Health.pdf (381.26 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-03610336 , version 1 (16-03-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

Marcin Trzmielewski, Claudio Gnoli. Organization of medical knowledge: documentation techniques applied to a macro-domain underpinned by sociopolitical issues. ISTE. Information Practices and Knowledge in Health, 5, Wiley, pp.167-206, 2022, Health Engineering And Society Series Health Information Set, ⟨10.1002/9781119902058.ch8⟩. ⟨hal-03610336⟩
250 View
33 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More