Catastrophic overwash and rapid retreat of a gravel barrier spit during storm events (Sillon de Talbert, North Brittany, France) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Earth Surface Processes and Landforms Year : 2022

Catastrophic overwash and rapid retreat of a gravel barrier spit during storm events (Sillon de Talbert, North Brittany, France)

Abstract

The morphodynamic functioning of the Sillon de Talbert gravel barrier spit is analyzed using a high-frequency survey carried out between September 2012 and December 2019. It is based on beach profile measurements along two transects, modeling offshore wave data (WW3), tide gauge records, and shallow waves and water levels recorded in the intertidal zone. A barrier retreat of –23 to –30 m over the 7-year survey (i.e., –3.3 to –4.3 m.y-1) is measured. This retreat is not related to long-term SLR (macroscale of 102 to 103 yr), but to mesoscale (100 to 102 yr) morphogenic events combining storm wave and high spring tide. Over 87% to 90% of the barrier retreat is due to three significant events (February 1-2, 2014, February 9, 2016, and January 3, 2018). The storm impact scale model of Orford and Carter (1982) is tested. The estimation of the wave runup for the calculation of extreme water levels (i.e., peak overflow elevation (Oe) component), is based on the calibration of an equation performed from in situ measurements of the swash elevation. The flow depth (Od,q) overtopping the crest of the barrier (Bh) is thresholded by taking into account the morphological response of the barrier in order to define regimes corresponding to overtopping, discrete overwash, and sluicing overwash. While the Orford and Carter model is generally successful in reproducing the morphodynamic evolution of the Sillon de Talbert, the wave energy flux (F) must be considered as an additional parameter in order to improve the fit of the model, so far as it contributes in some cases to change the morphodynamic regime. Thus, the wave energy flux constitutes a key component in the quantification of the water flow across the barrier (Od,q) corresponding to the hydrodynamic forcing of the model, which becomes (Od,F).
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Dates and versions

hal-03605145 , version 1 (07-04-2023)

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Serge S. Suanez, Pierre Stéphan, Ronan Autret, Julien Houron, France Floc'H, et al.. Catastrophic overwash and rapid retreat of a gravel barrier spit during storm events (Sillon de Talbert, North Brittany, France). Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 2022, 47 (8), pp.2024-2043. ⟨10.1002/esp.5361⟩. ⟨hal-03605145⟩
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