Equilibrium Structure in the Presence of Methyl Internal Rotation: Microwave Spectroscopy and Quantum Chemistry Study of the Two Conformers of 2-Acetylfuran - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Physical Chemistry A Year : 2021

Equilibrium Structure in the Presence of Methyl Internal Rotation: Microwave Spectroscopy and Quantum Chemistry Study of the Two Conformers of 2-Acetylfuran

Abstract

For 2-acetylfuran, quantum chemistry predicted and proton magnetic resonance study reported two conformers, anti and syn, differing in the position of the carbonyl group with respect to the O1–C2 bond of the furan ring. The microwave spectrum of the title molecule was recorded in the frequency range from 2 to 26.5 GHz using a molecular jet Fourier transform microwave spectrometer, confirming the presence of both conformers. Spectroscopic parameters such as the rotational and centrifugal distortion constants could be determined with high precision. The spectra of all 13C- and 18O-isotopologues of the energetically more favorable anti-conformer could be assigned, allowing the experimental determination of bond lengths and bond angles from the heavy atom substitution rs and the semi-experimental equilibrium reSE structures. Splittings arising from the internal rotation of the acetyl methyl group could be resolved for both conformers as well as for all assigned isotopologues, from which the barrier to methyl internal rotation was determined. The torsional barrier is largely invariant at around 319 cm–1 in the parent species of anti-2-acetylfuran and its isotopologues, showing that though isotopic substitution greatly influences the rotational properties of the molecule and causes a different microwave spectrum, its effect on the methyl torsion is negligible. On the other hand, conformational effects play a decisive role, as the torsional barrier of 239.780(13) cm–1 found for syn-2-acetylfuran differs significantly from the value for anti-2-acetylfuran. The results are compared and discussed with other methyl-substituted furan derivatives and acetyl group containing ketones for a better understanding of different effects influencing molecular geometry parameters and methyl internal rotations.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
2AF_HAL.pdf (1.55 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-03587062 , version 1 (24-02-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

Christina Dindić, Arne Lüchow, Natalja Vogt, Jean Demaison, Ha Vinh Lam Nguyen. Equilibrium Structure in the Presence of Methyl Internal Rotation: Microwave Spectroscopy and Quantum Chemistry Study of the Two Conformers of 2-Acetylfuran. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2021, 125 (23), pp.4986-4997. ⟨10.1021/acs.jpca.1c01733⟩. ⟨hal-03587062⟩
40 View
66 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More