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Journal Articles Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals Year : 2012

Effect of Ce and Sb on Primary Graphite Growth in Cast Irons

Abstract

It is well-known that if certain trace elements are present in cast iron melts the morphology of the graphite precipitates can be altered. In order to understand the effect of doping elements on primary growth of graphite, pure Fe–Sb alloys were prepared by induction melting. They were then placed in graphite crucibles and heated to a temperature above the Fe–C eutectic so that the charge became saturated in carbon and melted. To obtain Fe–Ce alloys, metallic Ce was added at the bottom of a graphite crucible and covered with iron, and then heated as for the Fe–Sb charge. In both cases, the melt was then cooled and held slightly above the eutectic temperature so that primary graphite crystals, which had nucleated on the crucible walls and then detached from it, could grow freely in the melt. The influence of the added elements on graphite growth was revealed by the change in the shape and distribution of the crystals compared to those obtained in similar experiments carried out with pure Fe. The experiments were made in air and vacuum so as to point out possible interactions between the elements present in the melt and oxygen.
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hal-03528887 , version 1 (17-01-2022)

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Koenraad Theuwissen, Jacques Lacaze, Lydia Laffont-Dantras, Julien Zollinger, Dominique Daloz. Effect of Ce and Sb on Primary Graphite Growth in Cast Irons. Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, 2012, vol. 65 (n° 6), pp. 707-712. ⟨10.1007/s12666-012-0203-0⟩. ⟨hal-03528887⟩
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