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Journal Articles Physical Review E Year : 2021

Two-dimensional numerical model of Marangoni surfers: From single swimmer to crystallization

Abstract

We numerically study the dynamics of an ensemble of Marangoni surfers in a two-dimensional and unconfined space. The swimmers are modeled as Gaussian sources of surfactant generating surface tension gradients and are shown to follow the Marangoni flow filtered at their spatial scale in the lubrication regime, an unstable situation leading to spontaneous motion as soon as the Marangoni effect is intense enough. As the system is fully unconstrained, it is possible to study the various dynamical regimes from single swimmer, two-body interaction, to the many-particles case characterized by an efficient particle dispersion. We show that, although the present model is very simple, it reproduces the experimentally observed transition between a regime of dispersion by random agitation when the number of swimmers is moderate to the regime of crystallization with imperfect hexagonal lattice at high density.
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Dates and versions

hal-03491685 , version 1 (17-12-2021)

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Clément Gouiller, Christophe Ybert, Cécile Cottin-Bizonne, Florence Raynal, Mickaël Bourgoin, et al.. Two-dimensional numerical model of Marangoni surfers: From single swimmer to crystallization. Physical Review E , 2021, 104 (6), pp.064608. ⟨10.1103/physreve.104.064608⟩. ⟨hal-03491685⟩
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