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Multilingual Epidemic Event Extraction

Abstract

In this paper, we focus on epidemic event extraction in multilingual and low-resource settings. The task of extracting epidemic events is defined as the detection of disease names and locations in a document. We experiment with a multilingual dataset comprising news articles from the medical domain with diverse morphological structures (Chinese, English, French, Greek, Polish, and Russian). We investigate various Transformer-based models, also adopting a two-stage strategy, first finding the documents that contain events and then performing event extraction. Our results show that error propagation to the downstream task was higher than expected. We also perform an in-depth analysis of the results, concluding that different entity characteristics can influence the performance. Moreover, we perform several preliminary experiments for the low-resourced languages present in the dataset using the mean teacher semi-supervised technique. Our findings show the potential of pre-trained language models benefiting from the incorporation of unannotated data in the training process.
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Dates and versions

hal-03480551 , version 1 (14-12-2021)

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Stephen Mutuvi, Emanuela Boros, Antoine Doucet, Gaël Lejeune, Adam Jatowt, et al.. Multilingual Epidemic Event Extraction. Hao-Ren Ke; Chei Sian Lee; Kazunari Sugiyama. Towards Open and Trustworthy Digital Societies. 23rd International Conference on Asia-Pacific Digital Libraries, ICADL 2021, Virtual Event, December 1–3, 2021, Proceedings, 13133, Springer, pp.139-156, 2021, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 978-3-030-91668-8. ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-91669-5_12⟩. ⟨hal-03480551⟩
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