A periplasmic cupredoxin with a green CuT1.5 center is involved in bacterial copper tolerance - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Metallomics Year : 2021

A periplasmic cupredoxin with a green CuT1.5 center is involved in bacterial copper tolerance

Abstract

Abstract Importance of copper resistance pathways in pathogenic bacteria is now well recognized since macrophages use copper to fight bacterial infections. Additionally, considering the increase of antibiotic resistance, growing attention is given to the antimicrobial properties of copper. It is of primary importance to understand how bacteria deal with copper. The Cu resistant cuproprotein CopI is present in many Human bacterial pathogens and environmental bacteria and crucial under microaerobiosis (conditions for most pathogens to thrive within their host). Hence, understanding its mechanism of function is essential. CopI proteins share conserved histidine, cysteine and methionine residues that could be ligands for different copper binding sites among which acupredoxin center that could be involved in the protein function. Here, we demonstrated that, Vibrio cholerae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa CopI restore Cu resistance phenotype in Rubrivivax (R.) gelatinosus ΔcopI mutant. We identified that Cys125 (ligand in the cupredoxin center) and conserved histidines and methionines are essential for R. gelatinosus CopI (RgCopI) function. We also performed spectroscopic analyses of the purified RgCopI protein and showed that it is a green cupredoxin able to bind a maximum of three Cu(II) ions: (i) a green Cu site (CuT1.5), (ii) a type 2 Cu binding site (T2) located in the N-terminal region, (iii) a third site with a yet unidentified location. CopI is therefore one member of the poorly described CuT1.5 center cupredoxin family. It is unique, since it is a single domain cupredoxin with more than one Cu site involved in Cu resistance.
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Dates and versions

hal-03453712 , version 1 (20-12-2021)

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Anne Durand, Mélanie Fouesnard, Marie-Line Bourbon, Anne-Soisig Steunou, Elisabeth Lojou, et al.. A periplasmic cupredoxin with a green CuT1.5 center is involved in bacterial copper tolerance. Metallomics, 2021, ⟨10.1093/mtomcs/mfab067⟩. ⟨hal-03453712⟩
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