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Journal Articles Disasters Year : 2021

Humanitarian aid and local responses: the aftermath of the rebuilding effort on Tongoa island (Vanuatu)

Abstract

Cyclone Pam swept through the archipelago of Vanuatu on 13–14 March 2015, with wind speeds exceeding those recorded anywhere in the South Pacific since the 1980s. Southern and central parts of the country were particularly affected. Material damage on Tongoa, one of the most afflicted islands, was extensive, but no deaths were reported. During the storm, villagers found shelter in their kitchen, in what is considered locally as a ‘lifeboat’. The aftermath was managed and mitigated by international aid organisations. On Tongoa, this included a ‘Shelter Cluster’ programme, under which villagers were given house rebuilding kits. Elaborating upon extensive ethnographic investigations on site between 2011 and 2018, this paper explores and reveals the ways in which this aid generated confusion among the local population. In a larger context of regular disasters triggered by natural hazards, locals have found endogenous ways of dealing with such extreme climatic events, for the most part without any external assistance.
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Dates and versions

hal-03448851 , version 1 (25-11-2021)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Maëlle Calandra. Humanitarian aid and local responses: the aftermath of the rebuilding effort on Tongoa island (Vanuatu). Disasters, 2021, En ligne, ⟨10.1111/disa.12522⟩. ⟨hal-03448851⟩
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