Distinguishing Galactoside Isomers with Mass Spectrometry and Gas-Phase Infrared Spectroscopy - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of the American Chemical Society Year : 2021

Distinguishing Galactoside Isomers with Mass Spectrometry and Gas-Phase Infrared Spectroscopy

Abstract

Sequencing glycans is demanding due to their structural diversity. Compared to mammalian glycans, bacterial glycans pose a steeper challenge because they are constructed from a larger pool of monosaccharide building blocks, including pyranose and furanose isomers. Though mammalian glycans incorporate only the pyranose form of galactose (Galp), many pathogens, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Klebsiella pneumoniae, contain galactofuranose (Galf) residues in their cell envelope. Thus, glycan sequencing would benefit from methods to distinguish between pyranose and furanose isomers of different anomeric configurations. We used infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectroscopy with mass spectrometry (MS-IR) to differentiate between pyranose- and furanose-linked galactose residues. These targets pose a challenge for MS-IR because the saccharides lack basic groups, and galactofuranose residues are highly flexible. We postulated cationic groups that could complex through hydrogen bonding would offer a solution. Here, we present the first MS-IR analysis of hexose ammonium adducts. We compared their IR fingerprints with those of lithium adducts. We determined the diagnostic MS-IR signatures of the α- and β-anomers of galactose in furanose and pyranose forms. We also showed these signatures could be applied to disaccharides to assign galactose ring size. Our findings highlight the utility of MS-IR for analyzing the unique substructures that occur in bacterial glycans.
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Dates and versions

hal-03333654 , version 1 (08-09-2021)

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Cite

Jordan S Ho, Amira Gharbi, Baptiste Schindler, Oznur Yeni, Richard Brédy, et al.. Distinguishing Galactoside Isomers with Mass Spectrometry and Gas-Phase Infrared Spectroscopy. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2021, 143 (28), pp.10509-10513. ⟨10.1021/jacs.0c11919⟩. ⟨hal-03333654⟩
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