Hypercholesterolemia-induced increase in plasma oxidized LDL abrogated pro angiogenic response in kidney grafts - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Translational Medicine Year : 2019

Hypercholesterolemia-induced increase in plasma oxidized LDL abrogated pro angiogenic response in kidney grafts

Abstract

Background: Renal transplantation is increasingly associated with the presence of comorbidity factors such as dyslipidemia which could influence the graft outcome. We hypothesized that hypercholesterolemia could affect vascular repair processes and promote post-transplant renal vascular remodeling through the over-expression of the anti-angiogenic thrombospondin-1 interacting with vascular endothelial growth factor-A levels. Methods: We tested this hypothesis in vitro, in vivo and in a human cohort using (1) endothelial cells; (2) kidney auto-transplanted pig subjected (n = 5) or not (n = 6) to a diet enriched in cholesterol and (3) a renal transplanted patient cohort (16 patients). Results: Cells exposed to oxidized LDL showed reduced proliferation and an increased expression of thrombospondin-1. In pigs, 3 months after transplantation of kidney grafts, we observed a deregulation of the hypoxia inducible factor 1a-vascular endothelial growth factor-A axis induced in cholesterol-enriched diet animals concomitant with an overexpression of thrombospondin-1 and a decrease in cortical microvessel density promoting vascular remodeling. In patients, hypercholesterolemia was associated with decreased vascular endothelial growth factor-A plasma levels during early follow up after renal transplantation and increased chronic graft dysfunction. Conclusions: These results support a potential mechanism through which a high fat-diet impedes vascular repair in kidney graft and suggest the value of controlling cholesterolemia in recipient even at the early stage of renal transplantation.
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hal-03332362 , version 1 (19-06-2024)

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Thomas Kerforne, Frédéric Favreau, Tackwa Khalifeh, Souleymane Maiga, Geraldine Allain, et al.. Hypercholesterolemia-induced increase in plasma oxidized LDL abrogated pro angiogenic response in kidney grafts. Journal of Translational Medicine, 2019, 17 (1), ⟨10.1186/s12967-018-1764-4⟩. ⟨hal-03332362⟩
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