Induced structural modifications in ZnS nanowires via physical state of catalyst: Highlights of 15R crystal phase - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Nano Research Year : 2022

Induced structural modifications in ZnS nanowires via physical state of catalyst: Highlights of 15R crystal phase

Abstract

Peculiar and unique growth mechanisms involved in semiconductor nanowires (NWs) pave the way to the achievement of new crystallographic phases and remarkable material properties, and hence, studying polytypism in semiconductor NWs arouses a strong interest for the next generation of electronic and photonic applications. In this context, the growth of ZnS nanowires has been investigated, as bulk ZnS compound exhibits numerous unstable polytypes at high temperatures, but their stable occurrence is highly anticipated in a nanowire due to its special quasi-dimensional shape and growth modes. In this work, the idea is to provide a change in the growth mechanism via the physical state of catalyst droplet (liquid or solid) and hence, study the induced structural modifications in ZnS nanowires. The HRTEM images of VLS (via liquid alloyed catalyst) grown ZnS NWs show periodic stacking faults, which is precisely identified as a stacking sequence of cubic or hexagonal individual planes leading to an astonishing 15R crystal polymorph. This crystallographic phase is observed for the first time in nanowires. Contrastingly, NWs grown with VSS (via solid catalyst) show crystal polytypes of zinc blende and wurtzite. We calculate and discuss the role of cohesive energies in the formation of such ZnS polytypes. Further, we present the selection rules for the crystallization of such 15R structure in NWs and discuss the involved VLS and VSS growth mechanisms leading to the formation of different crystal phases.
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hal-03323069 , version 1 (20-08-2021)

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Sumit Kumar, Frédéric Fossard, Gaëlle Amiri, Jean-Michel Chauveau, Vincent Sallet. Induced structural modifications in ZnS nanowires via physical state of catalyst: Highlights of 15R crystal phase. Nano Research, 2022, pp.377-385. ⟨10.1007/s12274-021-3487-8⟩. ⟨hal-03323069⟩
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