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Journal Articles Ecology Letters Year : 2021

Mismatch between bird species sensitivity and the protection of intact habitats across the Americas

Abstract

Protected areas are highly heterogeneous in their effectiveness at buffering human pressure, which may hamper their ability to conserve species highly sensitive to human activities. Here, we use 60 million bird observations from eBird to estimate the sensitivity to human pressure of each bird species breeding in the Americas. Concerningly, we find that ecoregions hosting large proportions of high-sensitivity species, concentrated in tropical biomes, do not have more intact protected habitat. Moreover, 266 high-sensitivity species have little or no intact protected habitat within their distributions. Finally, we show that protected area intactness is decreasing faster where high-sensitivity species concentrate. Our results highlight a major mismatch between species conservation needs and the coverage of intact protected habitats, which likely hampers the long-term effectiveness of protected areas at retaining species. We highlight ecoregions where protection and management of intact habitats, complemented by restoration, is urgently needed.
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Dates and versions

hal-03321017 , version 1 (16-08-2021)

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Victor Cazalis, Megan D. Barnes, Alison Johnston, James E.M. Watson, Cagan H. Sekercioglu, et al.. Mismatch between bird species sensitivity and the protection of intact habitats across the Americas. Ecology Letters, In press, ⟨10.1111/ele.13859⟩. ⟨hal-03321017⟩
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