A hybrid nodal-staggered pseudo-spectral electromagnetic particle-in-cell method with finite-order centering - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Comput.Phys.Commun. Year : 2022

A hybrid nodal-staggered pseudo-spectral electromagnetic particle-in-cell method with finite-order centering

Abstract

Electromagnetic particle-in-cell (PIC) codes are widely used to perform computer simulations of a variety of physical systems, including fusion plasmas, astrophysical plasmas, plasma wakefield particle accelerators, and secondary photon sources driven by ultra-intense lasers. In a PIC code, Maxwell's equations are solved on a grid with a numerical method of choice. This article focuses on pseudo-spectral analytical time-domain (PSATD) algorithms and presents a novel hybrid PSATD PIC scheme that combines the respective advantages of standard nodal and staggered methods. The novelty of the hybrid scheme consists in using finite-order centering of grid quantities between nodal and staggered grids, in order to combine the solution of Maxwell's equations on a staggered grid with the deposition of charges and currents and the gathering of electromagnetic forces on a nodal grid. The correctness and performance of the novel hybrid scheme are assessed by means of numerical tests that employ different classes of PSATD equations in a variety of physical scenarios, ranging from the modeling of electron-positron pair creation in vacuum to the simulation of laser-driven and particle beam-driven plasma wakefield acceleration. It is shown that the novel hybrid scheme offers significant numerical and computational advantages, compared to purely nodal or staggered methods, for all the test cases presented.

Dates and versions

hal-03286778 , version 1 (15-07-2021)

Identifiers

Cite

Edoardo Zoni, Remi Lehe, Olga Shapoval, Daniel Belkin, Neil Zaïm, et al.. A hybrid nodal-staggered pseudo-spectral electromagnetic particle-in-cell method with finite-order centering. Comput.Phys.Commun., 2022, 279, pp.108457. ⟨10.1016/j.cpc.2022.108457⟩. ⟨hal-03286778⟩
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