Microstructural and Mechanical Characterization of the Yb: YAG Laser Welding of High-Pressure Die-Casting Mg-Al-Mn Magnesium Alloy - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa Year : 2020

Microstructural and Mechanical Characterization of the Yb: YAG Laser Welding of High-Pressure Die-Casting Mg-Al-Mn Magnesium Alloy

Abstract

In this work, the Yb:YAG laser beam welding of the magnesium alloy AM60 was studied. A laser power of 2 kW and a welding speed of 3.5 m / min give a different welding quality than that obtained by CO2 laser with the same parameters. The metallurgical characterization, by optical microscopy, showed the formation of four distinct zones : base metal (BM), heat affected zone (HAZ), the partially fusion zone (PFZ) and the fusion zone (FZ), due to the thermal effect produced by the laser welding thermal cycle. Their dimensions are quantified. The microstructural examination using scanning electron microscopy showed the presence of fine dendritic structure in the FZ although the use of electron dispersive spectroscopy analysis confirm that an eutectic Mg17Al12 phase are surrounded by α-Mg solid solution in the HAZ. Electron backscattered diffraction technique revealed an important grain refinement in FZ and considerable twining phenomena in HAZ, but no texture. X-ray diffraction technique has been used, full width at half maximum of diffraction peaks is measured; it also confirmed the grain refinement in FZ in comparison to BM and HAZ. Both microhardness and tensile proprieties of the complete weld joint are similar to those of the BM.
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Dates and versions

hal-03269858 , version 1 (24-06-2021)

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Seddik Ouallam, Jean-Eric Masse, Patrice Peyre, Lamine Djeghlal, Fabrice Guittonneau, et al.. Microstructural and Mechanical Characterization of the Yb: YAG Laser Welding of High-Pressure Die-Casting Mg-Al-Mn Magnesium Alloy. International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa , 2020, 51, pp.95-109. ⟨10.4028/www.scientific.net/JERA.51.95⟩. ⟨hal-03269858⟩
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