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Journal Articles Journal of Fluid Mechanics Year : 2020

Mechanics of bluff body drag reduction during transient near-wake reversals

Abstract

A combination of passive and active methods is used to manipulate the symmetry of the turbulent wake of an Ahmed body. Dedicated experiments to study the wake reversals occurring between symmetry-breaking states are performed. We show how transient symmetric states explored during the reversals differ from static symmetry-breaking states in the flow organization they induce. In asymmetric states, a strong interaction and coupling between the recirculating flow from one side and the shear layer from opposite side triggers shear-layer instabilities and their amplification. The resulting large-scale flow engulfment in the recirculation region increases the recirculation intensity and thus increases base drag. By contrast, during the wake reversals the disorganization of the recirculating flow leads to a transient symmetric state with prevented shear-layer interaction and triggering mechanism with a concomitant drag reduction of ∼8 % compared to symmetry-breaking states. Finally, recent experimental results for unbalanced wakes and methodologies addressing the control of wake asymmetries for drag reduction are discussed and interpreted based on the present findings. This leads us to provide new insights in control methods for wake asymmetries.
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Dates and versions

hal-03234702 , version 1 (25-05-2021)

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Yann Haffner, Jacques Borée, Andreas Spohn, Thomas Castelain. Mechanics of bluff body drag reduction during transient near-wake reversals. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2020, 894, pp.A14. ⟨10.1017/jfm.2020.275⟩. ⟨hal-03234702⟩
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