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Journal Articles Catalysis Science & Technology Year : 2021

Oxidation of methane to methanol over Pd@Pt nanoparticles under mild conditions in water

Abstract

Direct methane oxidation into oxygen-containing chemicals under mild conditions has sparked increasing interest. Here, we report Pd@Pt core–shell nanoparticles that efficiently catalyse the direct oxidation of CH4 to CH3OH in water using H2O2 as an oxidant under mild conditions. The catalyst presents a methanol productivity of up to 89.3 mol kgcatalyst−1 h−1 with a high selectivity of 92.4% after 30 min at 50 °C, thus outperforming most of the previously reported catalysts. Electron-enriched Pt species in the Pd@Pt nanoparticles were identified by structural and electronic analysis. Pd in the core donates electrons to Pt, leading to higher rates of methane activation. Based on the results of control experiments and kinetic analysis, a consecutive oxidation pathway via a radical mechanism is proposed, which includes initial formation of CH3OOH and CH3OH followed by further oxidation of CH3OH to HCHO, HCOOH, and CO2.
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Dates and versions

hal-03234648 , version 1 (04-11-2021)

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Jianjun Chen, Sikai Wang, Laurent Peres, Vincent Collière, Karine Philippot, et al.. Oxidation of methane to methanol over Pd@Pt nanoparticles under mild conditions in water. Catalysis Science & Technology, 2021, 11 (10), pp.3493-3500. ⟨10.1039/D1CY00273B⟩. ⟨hal-03234648⟩
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