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Journal Articles Biochimica biophysica acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics Year : 2021

The dyad of the Y-junction- and a flavin module unites diverse redox enzymes


The concomitant presence of two distinctive polypeptide modules, which we have chosen to denominate as the “Y-junction” and the “flavin” module, is observed in 3D structures of enzymes as functionally diverse as complex I, NAD(P)-dependent [NiFe]-hydrogenases and NAD(P)-dependent formate dehydrogenases. Amino acid sequence conservation furthermore suggests that both modules are also part of NAD(P)-dependent [FeFe]-hydrogenases for which no 3D structure model is available yet. The flavin module harbours the site of interaction with the substrate NAD(P) which exchanges two electrons with a strictly conserved flavin moiety. The Y-junction module typically contains four iron-sulphur centres arranged to form a Y-shaped electron transfer conduit and mediates electron transfer between the flavin module and the catalytic units of the respective enzymes. The Y-junction module represents an electron transfer hub with three potential electron entry/exit sites. The pattern of specific redox centres present both in the Y-junction and the flavin module is correlated to present knowledge of these enzymes' functional properties. We have searched publicly accessible genomes for gene clusters containing both the Y-junction and the flavin module to assemble a comprehensive picture of the diversity of enzymes harbouring this dyad of modules and to reconstruct their phylogenetic relationships. These analyses indicate the presence of the dyad already in the last universal common ancestor and the emergence of complex I's EFG-module out of a subgroup of NAD(P)- dependent formate dehydrogenases.
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hal-03169066 , version 1 (15-03-2021)



Kilian Zuchan, Frauke Baymann, Carole Baffert, Myriam Brugna, Wolfgang Nitschke. The dyad of the Y-junction- and a flavin module unites diverse redox enzymes. Biochimica biophysica acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics, 2021, 1862 (6), pp.148401. ⟨10.1016/j.bbabio.2021.148401⟩. ⟨hal-03169066⟩


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