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Journal Articles (Data Paper) Earth System Science Data Year : 2021

EUREC4A

Bjorn Stevens (1) , Sandrine Bony (2) , David Farrell (3) , Felix Ament (4) , Alan M. Blyth (5) , Chiristopher W. Fairall (6) , Johannes Karstensen (7) , Patricia K. Quinn (8) , Sabrina Speich (2) , Claudia Acquistapace (9) , Franziska Aemisegger (10) , Anna Lea Albright (2) , Hugo Bellenger (2) , Eberhard Bodenschatz (11) , Kathy-Ann Caesar (3) , Rebecca Chewitt-Lucas (3) , Gijs de Boer (12) , Julien Delanoë (13) , Leif Christopher Denby (14) , Florian Ewald (15) , Benjamin Fildier (2) , Marvin Forde (3) , Geet George (1) , Silke Gross (15) , Martin Hagen (15) , Andrea Hausold (15) , Karen J. J Heywood (16) , Lutz Hirsch (1) , Marek Jacob (9) , Friedhelm Jansen (1) , Stefan Kinne (1) , Daniel Klocke (17) , Tobias Kölling (18, 1) , Heike Konow (19) , Marie Lothon (18) , Wiebke Mohr (20) , Ann Kristin Naumann (1) , Louise Nuijens (21) , Léa Olivier (22) , Robert Pincus (23, 12) , Mira L. Pöhlker (24) , Gregory Roberts (25, 26) , Sabrina Schnitt (27) , Peter P. Sullivan (28) , Ludovic Touzé-Peiffer (2) , Jessica Vial (2) , Raphaela Vogel (2) , Nicola Alexander (3) , Lyndon Alves (29) , Sophian Arixi (25) , Hamish Asmath (30) , Gholamhossein Bagheri (11) , Adriana Bailey (28) , Dariusz Baranowski (31) , Alexandre Baron (32) , Sébastien Barrau (25) , Paul Alan Barrett (33) , Andreas Behrendt (34) , Arne Bendinger (7) , Florent Beucher (25) , Sebastien Bigorre (35) , Edmund Blades (36) , Peter Blossey (37) , Olivier Bock (38, 39) , Steven Böing (14) , Pierre Bosser (40, 41) , Denis Bourras (28) , Pascale Bouruet-Aubertot (22) , Keith Bower (42) , H Branger (43) , Michal Brennek (44) , Alan Brewer (45) , Pierre-Etienne Brilouet (18) , Björn Brügmann (46) , Stefan A. Buehler (19) , Elmo Burke (47) , Ralph Burton (5) , Radiance Calmer (23) , Jean-Christophe Canonici (48) , Xavier Carton (49) , Gregory Cato Jr. (50) , J. A. Charles (51) , Patrick Chazette (32, 52) , Yanxu Chen (53) , Thomas Choularton (42) , Patrick Chuang (54) , S. Clarke (55) , Hugh Coe (42) , C. Cornet (56) , P. Coutris (57) , Fleur Couvreux (25) , S. Crewell (9) , T. Cronin (58) , Zhiqiang Cui (14) , Yannis Cuypers (22) , Alton Daley (3) , G. M. Damerell (59) , T Dauhut (1) , D de Graaf (1) , Geiske E. de Groot (21) , S. P. de Szoeke (60) , H Deneke (61) , J.-P Desbios (48) , Vincent Douet (53) , Kyla Drushka (62) , M. Dütsch (62, 63) , A. Ehrlich (64) , K. Emanuel (58) , A Emmanouilidis (64) , Jean-Claude Etienne (25) , S. Etienne-Leblanc (65) , Ghislain Faure (25) , G. Feingold (45) , Linda Ferrero (66) , Andreas Fix (15) , Cyrille Flamant (67) , Piotr Jacek Flatau (26) , Gregory R. Foltz (68) , Alan Gadian (14) , Joseph Galewsky (69) , Martin Gallagher (42) , Peter Gallimore (42) , Cassandra Gaston (70) , Chelle Gentemann (71) , Nicolas Geyskens (72) , Andreas Giez (15) , Christophe Gourbeyre (57) , Robert Grosz (44) , Manuel Gutleben (73) , Johannes Güttler (11) , Kashawn Hall (3) , George Harris (74) , Kevin C. Helfer (21) , Dean Henze (60) , Calvert Herbert (74) , Bruna Holanda (75) , Antonio Ibanez-Landeta (11) , Janet Intrieri (6) , Suneil Iyer (76) , Fabrice Julien (25) , Heike Kalesse (64) , Jan Kazil (23, 45) , Alexander Kellman (77) , Abiel Kidane (20) , Ulrike Kirchner (1) , Marcus Klingebiel (1) , Mareike Körner (7) , Leslie Ann Kremper , Jan Kretzschmar , Ovid Krüger , Wojciech Kumala , Armin Kurz , Pierre L'Hégaret , Matthieu Labaste (78) , Tom Lachlan-Cope , Arlene Laing , Peter Landschützer , Theresa Lang , Diego Lange (34) , Ingo Lange , Clément Laplace (53) , R Laxenaire , Caroline Le Bihan (79) , M Leandro , Nathalie Lefèvre (80) , Donald Lenschow (28) , Qiang Li (15) , Gary Lloyd (42) , Sebastien Los (69) , N Losi , O Lovell , C Luneau (81) , P Makuch , Szymon Malinowski (44) , G Manta , E Marinou , Nicholas Marsden (42) , Sébastien Masson (82) , L Matthieu , Nicolas Maury (25) , B Mayer , M Mayers-Als , Christophe Mazel , W Mcgeary , J C Mcwilliams , M Mech , Melina Mehlmann (7) , A N Meroni , T Mieslinger , A Minikin , Yanmichel Morfa Avalos , Caroline Muller (2) , Ionela Musat , G Möller , A Napoli , A Neuberger , Christophe Noisel (78) , D Noone , Freja Nordsiek (11) , J. L. Nowak , L Oswald , Douglas J. Parker (14) , C Peck , Renaud Person (82) , A. Plueddemann (35) , L Pologne , Michal Posyniak (31) , M Prange , C Pöhlker , V Pörtge , U. Pöschl , E Quiñones Meléndez , J Radtke , Karim Ramage (53) , J Reimann , Lionel Renault (83) , Gilles Reverdin (22) , Klaus Reus (7) , A Reyes , J Ribbe , M Ringel , M Ritschel , C B Rocha , N Rochetin , C Rollo , J Röttenbacher , Leo Saffin (14) , S Sandiford , I Sandu , V Schemann , I Schirmacher , Oliver Schlenczek (11) , J Schmidt , Marcel Schröder (11) , H Schulz , Alfons Schwarzenboeck (57) , M Schäfer , A Sealy , I Serikov , S Shohan , E Siddle , A P Siebesma , Florian Späth (34) , C C Stephan , M K Stolla , Wojciech Szkółka (31) , Stephane Tarot (79) , E Tetoni , E Thompson , J Thomson , Lorenzo Tomassini (33) , Julien Totems (32, 52) , L Villiger , A Walther , B Webber , M Wendisch , S Whitehall , A Wiltshire , A A Wing , M Wirth , Jonathan Wiskandt (7) , K Wolf , L Worbes , E Wright , V Wulfmeyer , S Young , D Zhang , C Zhang , F Ziemen , T Zinner , P Zuidema , M Zöger
1 MPI-M - Max Planck Institute for Meteorology
2 LMD - Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (UMR 8539)
3 CIMH - Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology
4 Meteorological Institute [Hamburg]
5 NCAS - National Centre for Atmospheric Science [Leeds]
6 ESRL - NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory
7 GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research [Kiel]
8 PMEL - NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory [Seattle]
9 IGM - Institute for Geophysics and Meteorology [Köln]
10 IAC - Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science [Zürich]
11 MPIDS - Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization
12 PSL - NOAA Physical Sciences Laboratory
13 SPACE - LATMOS
14 University of Leeds
15 DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt
16 DWD - Deutscher Wetterdienst [Offenbach]
17 LMU - Ludwig Maximilian University [Munich] = Ludwig Maximilians Universität München
18 LAERO - Laboratoire d'aérologie
19 UHH - Universität Hamburg
20 Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology
21 TU Delft - Delft University of Technology
22 PROTEO - Processus et interactions de fine échelle océanique
23 CIRES - Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences
24 MPIC - Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie
25 CNRM - Centre national de recherches météorologiques
26 SIO - UC San Diego - Scripps Institution of Oceanography
27 Universität zu Köln = University of Cologne
28 NCAR - National Center for Atmospheric Research [Boulder]
29 Hydrometeorological Service [Georgetown]
30 IMA - Institute of Marine Affairs
31 Institute of Geophysics [Warsaw]
32 LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette]
33 United Kingdom Met Office [Exeter]
34 IPM - Institute of Physics and Meteorology [Stuttgart]
35 WHOI - Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
36 QEH - Queen Elizabeth Hospital [Bridgetown, St. Michael, Barbados]
37 Department of Atmospheric Sciences [Seattle]
38 ENSG - École nationale des sciences géographiques
39 IPGP (UMR_7154) - Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
40 Lab-STICC_M3 - Equipe Marine Mapping & Metrology
41 ENSTA Bretagne - École Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées Bretagne
42 University of Manchester [Manchester]
43 IRPHE - Institut de Recherche sur les Phénomènes Hors Equilibre
44 UW - University of Warsaw
45 CSL - NOAA Chemical Sciences Laboratory
46 MPI-M - Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie
47 SCASPA - St. Christopher Air and Sea Port
48 SAFIRE - Service des Avions Français Instrumentés pour la Recherche en Environnement
49 LOPS - Laboratoire d'Océanographie Physique et Spatiale
50 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Meteorological Services,
51 Grenada Meteorological Services
52 CAE - Chimie Atmosphérique Expérimentale
53 IPSL (FR_636) - Institut Pierre-Simon-Laplace
54 UC Santa Cruz - University of California [Santa Cruz]
55 Cayman Islands National Weather Service
56 LOA - Laboratoire d’Optique Atmosphérique - UMR 8518
57 LaMP - Laboratoire de Météorologie Physique
58 MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
59 COAS - Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences [Norwich]
60 CEOAS - College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences [Corvallis]
61 TROPOS - Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research
62 University of Washington [Seattle]
63 Department of Meteorology and Geophysics [Vienna]
64 LIM - Leipziger Institut für Meteorologie
65 Meteorological Department (St. Maarten)
66 UNIMIB - Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca = University of Milano-Bicocca
67 TROPO - LATMOS
68 AOML - NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory
69 EPS - Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences [Albuquerque]
70 University of Miami [Coral Gables]
71 Farallon Institute
72 DTI - Division technique INSU/SDU
73 DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt [Oberpfaffenhofen-Wessling]
74 Regional Security System [Barbados]
75 MPIC - Max Planck Institute for Chemistry
76 APL-UW - Applied Physics Laboratory [Seattle]
77 Barbados Coast Guard
78 DITM - Développement Instrumental et Techniques Marines
79 IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer
80 ABC - Austral, Boréal et Carbone
81 OSU PYTHEAS - Institut Pythéas
82 NEMO R&D - Nucleus for European Modeling of the Ocean
83 LEGOS - Laboratoire d'études en Géophysique et océanographie spatiales
Gijs de Boer
Julien Delanoë
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Geet George
Karen J. J Heywood
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  • PersonId : 848773
Heike Konow
Marie Lothon
Zhiqiang Cui
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Cyrille Flamant
Alan Gadian
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Martin Gallagher
Marcus Klingebiel
Leslie Ann Kremper
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Jan Kretzschmar
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Ovid Krüger
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Wojciech Kumala
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Armin Kurz
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Pierre L'Hégaret
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Tom Lachlan-Cope
Arlene Laing
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Peter Landschützer
Theresa Lang
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Ingo Lange
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R Laxenaire
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M Leandro
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Nathalie Lefèvre
N Losi
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O Lovell
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C Luneau
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P Makuch
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G Manta
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E Marinou
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L Matthieu
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B Mayer
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M Mayers-Als
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Christophe Mazel
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W Mcgeary
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J C Mcwilliams
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M Mech
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A N Meroni
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T Mieslinger
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A Minikin
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Yanmichel Morfa Avalos
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Ionela Musat
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G Möller
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A Napoli
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A Neuberger
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D Noone
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J. L. Nowak
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L Oswald
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C Peck
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Renaud Person
L Pologne
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M Prange
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C Pöhlker
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V Pörtge
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U. Pöschl
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E Quiñones Meléndez
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J Radtke
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J Reimann
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A Reyes
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J Ribbe
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M Ringel
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M Ritschel
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C B Rocha
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N Rochetin
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C Rollo
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J Röttenbacher
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Leo Saffin
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S Sandiford
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I Sandu
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V Schemann
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I Schirmacher
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J Schmidt
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H Schulz
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M Schäfer
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A Sealy
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I Serikov
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S Shohan
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E Siddle
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A P Siebesma
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C C Stephan
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M K Stolla
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E Tetoni
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E Thompson
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J Thomson
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Lorenzo Tomassini
L Villiger
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A Walther
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B Webber
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M Wendisch
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S Whitehall
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A Wiltshire
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A A Wing
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M Wirth
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K Wolf
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L Worbes
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E Wright
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V Wulfmeyer
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S Young
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D Zhang
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C Zhang
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F Ziemen
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T Zinner
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P Zuidema
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M Zöger
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Abstract

The science guiding the EUREC$^4$A campaign and its measurements is presented. EUREC$^4$A comprised roughly 5 weeks of measurements in the downstream winter trades of the North Atlantic – eastward andsoutheastward of Barbados. Through its ability to characterize processes operating across a wide range of scales, EUREC$^4$A marked a turning point in our ability to observationally study factors influencing clouds in the trades, how they will respond to warming, and their link to other components of the earth system, such as upper-ocean processes or the life cycle of particulate matter. This characterization was made possible by thousands (2500) of sondes distributed to measure circulations on meso- (200 km) and larger (500 km) scales, roughly 400 h of flight time by four heavily instrumented research aircraft; four global-class research vessels; an advanced groundbased cloud observatory; scores of autonomous observing platforms operating in the upper ocean (nearly 10 000 profiles), lower atmosphere (continuous profiling), and along the air–sea interface; a network of water stable isotopologue measurements; targeted tasking of satellite remote sensing; and modeling with a new generation of weather and climate models. In addition to providing an outline of the novel measurements and their composition into a unified and coordinated campaign, the six distinct scientific facets that EUREC$^4$A explored – from North Brazil Current rings to turbulence-induced clustering of cloud droplets and its influence on warm-rain formation – are presented along with an overview of EUREC$^4$A’s outreach activities, environmental impact, and guidelines for scientific practice. Track data for all platforms are standardized and accessible at https://doi.org/10.25326/165 (Stevens, 2021), and a film documenting the campaign is provided as a video supplement
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Dates and versions

hal-03023368 , version 1 (25-11-2020)
hal-03023368 , version 2 (01-05-2021)
hal-03023368 , version 3 (31-08-2021)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial

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Bjorn Stevens, Sandrine Bony, David Farrell, Felix Ament, Alan M. Blyth, et al.. EUREC4A. Earth System Science Data, 2021, 13 (8), pp.4067-4119. ⟨10.5194/essd-13-4067-2021⟩. ⟨hal-03023368v3⟩
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